Thanks to a recent revision of the famous 1961 Drake Equation, which actually estimates the number of intelligent civilizations in the universe, It's becoming very clear that we humans may not be not the universe’s first advanced civilization. Their new equation includes recent data from Nasa’s Kepler satellite on the number of exoplanets that could harbor life.
Earlier this year, The Kepler Telescope discovered a number of mysterious objects orbiting a nearby star star named KIC 8462852, which is just outside the Milky Way Galaxy. At first, scientists believed the objects could be any number of different possibilities including but not limited to: rogue planets, comets, asteroids, planetary collisions, etc.
Then scientists realized that whatever The Kepler Telescope spotted was blocking a surprising amount of sunlight, leading to speculation it could be a massive structure built by intelligent life. In the video below, CBS News science contributor Michio Kaku spoke to CBSN about the enormity of the discovery.
In the second video below from Beyond Science, Mike Chen explains how revisions to the famous drake equation made by scientists at the university of Rochester make the case that intelligent alien civilizations exited before mankind. The videos that follow suggest that scientists may have already found that civilization.
Have scientists already one such civilization? According to astronomer Tabetha Boyajian, independent researchers sifting through the Kepler Telescope’s data previously only scraped by NASA computers (which were reported to have turned up nothing), have found evidence of a “massive alien superstructure” or “Dyson sphere,” and it may have been constructed by an advanced civilization lurking in the depths of space.
So, could the massive super structure discovered in deep space be one of ancient civilizations the newly revised Drake Equation says could be out there? In the following video, Elliot Hill and Mark Sovel from Lip News reveal more about the mysterious massive megastructure orbiting KIC 8462852. Was it really built by intelligent life? Data from the Kepler Space Telescope reveals that a strange and unnatural light pattern is coming from the structure and surrounding objects.
According to scientists, if this IS in fact another civilization, it would be considered what is known as a Type 2 Civilization. We are what is known as a Type 0 Civilization. We are still reliant on fossil fuels (sorry Obama), and we reside only on our own planets (all speculation about the Secret Space Program aside).
A Type 1 Civilization would be like the fictional Buck Rodgers television show where civilization has done planetary travel. That should put into perspective some idea as to how significant this discovery could very well be.
Last fall, a little-known star called KIC 8462852 became our planetary obsession when astronomers said that its erratic flickering could be the result of an alien megastructure. Further observation of Tabby’s Star yielded no signs of aliens, but the sudden dips in luminosity continue to defy explanation. Now, things just got a bit weirder.
In an unpublished paper posted today to arXiv, Caltech astronomer Ben Montet and Joshua Simon of the Carnegie Institute describe the results of a new photometric analysis of Tabby’s Star, which was first flagged in the Kepler Space Telescope’s database by citizen science astronomers.
By carefully examining all the full-frame images collected during Kepler’s observational campaign, Montet and Simon discovered something astonishing: Not only did the star’s light output occasionally dip by up to 20 percent, its total stellar flux diminished continuously over the course of four years.
“We spent a long time trying to convince ourselves this wasn’t real. We just weren’t able to.”
For the first 1000 days of Kepler’s campaign, Tabby’s Star decreased in luminosity by approximately 0.34 percent per year. For the next 200 days, the star dimmed more rapidly, its total stellar flux dropping by 2 percent before leveling off. Overall, Tabby’s Star faded roughly 3 percent during the four years that Kepler stared at it—an absolutely enormous, inexplicable amount. The astronomers looked at 500 other stars in the vicinity, and saw nothing else like it.
“The part that really surprised me was just how rapid and non-linear it was,” Montet told Gizmodo. “We spent a long time trying to convince ourselves this wasn’t real. We just weren’t able to.”
This isn’t the first time astronomers have claimed that Tabby’s Star is fading. Earlier this year, Bradley Schaefer of Louisiana State University decided to examine the star in old photographic plates of sky dating back to the 19th century. He found that over the past 100 years, the star’s total light output has diminished by a whopping 19 percent. But shortly after publishing his claims, other astronomers started poking holes in them, saying that the observed dimming was the result of flawed data. Schaefer pushed back, and things got a little bit ugly.
The controversy over Schaefer’s work is what prompted Montet to look for long-term trends in another way. “We realized that in order to settle this, you needed either a long baseline, or high precision data,” Montet said. “Kepler has the latter.” Montet added that the rate of dimming he measured in the Kepler data is about twice what Schaefer found, which “is different, but not necessarily inconsistent.”
“None of the considered phenomena can alone explain the observations.”
Jason Wright, the Penn State astronomer who first suggested that Tabby’s Star might be the site of a vast alien construction project, agreed that the new analysis lends credibility to Schaefer’s claim of century-long dimming. “The new paper states, and I agree, that we don’t have any really good models for this sort of behavior,” he said. “That’s exciting!”
Keivan Stassun, an astronomer at Vanderbilt who disputed the idea of long-term dimming, said that Tabby’s star continues to defy explanation. “[Montet’s] intriguing new findings suggest that none of the considered phenomena can alone explain the observations,” he told Gizmodo. “In the end, figuring out this puzzle may require accounting for a combination of effects.”
Some of the most credible explanations to date include a swarm of cometary fragments, the effect of a distorted star, or the remnants of a shattered planet. Certain things can explain long-term dimming while others can explain short-term flickering, but as Montet put it, “nothing nicely explains everything.”
What’s clear is that we aren’t going to solve this mystery until we get a better look at this star, which is exactly what Tabby Boyajian—the astronomer who first discovered it—is gearing up to do.
Following a successful crowdfunding campaign to secure time at the the Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, Boyajian is going to observe her namesake star for a full year, with the hope of catching it in the act of flickering. If that happens, other telescopes around the world will be alerted and swiftly mobilized. We’ll be able to watch the star wink at us across the entire electromagnetic spectrum, and hopefully, decode its message.
This important recent study shows that unless the odds of advanced life evolving on a habitable planet are astonishingly low, then humankind is not the only advanced civilization to have lived and there are probably far more advanced Beings out there in the greater Universe!
In fact, the odds of an advanced civilization developing need to be less than one in 10 billion trillion for humans to be the only intelligent life in the universe.
But Kepler data places those odds much higher, which means technologically advanced aliens are likely to have existed at some point.
Adam Frank, professor of physics and astronomy at the University of Rochester and co-author of the paper, went on to say:
‘The question of whether advanced civilizations exist elsewhere in the universe has always been vexed with three large uncertainties in the Drake equation,’
‘We’ve known for a long time approximately how many stars exist.
‘We didn’t know how many of those stars had planets that could potentially harbor life, how often life might evolve and lead to intelligent beings, and how long any civilizations might last before becoming extinct.’
‘Thanks to Nasa’s Kepler satellite and other searches, we now know that roughly one-fifth of stars have planets in ‘habitable zones,’ where temperatures could support life as we know it.
‘So one of the three big uncertainties has now been constrained.’ He said.
Frank went on to say that the third big question is. how long civilizations might survive – something which is as of yet still completely unknown.
‘The fact that humans have had rudimentary technology for roughly ten thousand years doesn’t really tell us if other societies would last that long or perhaps much longer,’ he explained.
The Drake equation (top row) has proven to be a durable framework for research. But it is impossible to do anything more than guess at variables such as L, the probably longevity of other advanced civilizations. In new research, Adam Frank and Woodruff Sullivan offer a new equation (bottom row)
But Frank and his co-author, Woodruff Sullivan of the astronomy department at the University of Washington, found they could eliminate that term altogether by simply expanding the question.
‘Rather than asking how many civilizations may exist now, we ask ‘are we the only technological species that has ever arisen?’ said Sullivan.
‘This shifted focus eliminates the uncertainty of the civilization lifetime question and allows us to address what we call the ‘cosmic archeological question’ – how often in the history of the universe has life evolved to an advanced state?
Rather than guessing at the odds of advanced life developing, they calculate the odds against it occurring in order for humanity to be the only advanced civilization.
With that, Frank and Sullivan then calculated the line between a universe where humanity has been the sole experiment in civilization and one where others have come before us.
‘Of course, we have no idea how likely it is that an intelligent technological species will evolve on a given habitable planet,’ says Frank.
‘But using our method we can tell exactly how low that probability would have to be for us to be the only civilization the universe has produced.
‘We call that the pessimism line. If the actual probability is greater than the pessimism line, then a technological species and civilization has likely happened before.’
Using this interesting approach, Frank and Sullivan can now calculate how unlikely advanced life must be if there has never been another example among the universe’s ten billion trillion stars, or even among our own Milky Way galaxy’s hundred billion.
‘One in 10 billion trillion is incredibly small,’ says Frank. ‘To me, this implies that other intelligent, technology producing species very likely have evolved before us.
‘Think of it this way. Before our result you’d be considered a pessimist if you imagined the probability of evolving a civilization on a habitable planet were, say, one in a trillion
‘But even that guess, one chance in a trillion, implies that what has happened here on Earth with humanity has in fact happened about a 10 billion other times over cosmic history.’
For smaller volumes the numbers are less extreme.
For example, another technological species likely has evolved on a habitable planet in our own Milky Way galaxy if the odds against it are better than one chance in 60 billion.
But if those numbers seem to give ammunition to the ‘optimists’ about the existence of alien civilizations,
Sullivan points out that the full Drake equation – which calculates the odds that other civilizations are around today – may give solace to the pessimists.
‘The universe is more than 13 billion years old,’ said Sullivan.
‘That means that even if there have been a thousand civilizations in our own galaxy, if they live only as long as we have been around – roughly ten thousand years – then all of them are likely already extinct.
‘And others won’t evolve until we are long gone. For us to have much chance of success in finding another ‘contemporary’ active technological civilization, on average they must last much longer than our present lifetime.’
‘Given the vast distances between stars and the fixed speed of light we might never really be able to have a conversation with another civilization anyway,’ said Frank.
‘If they were 20,000 light years away then every exchange would take 40,000 years to go back and forth.’
But, as Frank and Sullivan point out, even if there aren’t other civilizations in our galaxy to communicate with now, the new result still has a profound scientific and philosophical importance.
‘From a fundamental perspective the question is ‘has it ever happened anywhere before?” said Frank.
Our result is the first time anyone has been able to set any empirical answer for that question and it is astonishingly likely that we are not the only time and place that an advance civilization has evolved.’
Their new equation includes recent data from Nasa’s Kepler satellite on the number of exoplanets that could harbor life. Pictured is an artist’s impression of the probe
According to the UFO International Project:
Once upon a time leading Scientists wanted us all to believe that we are alone in the Universe – this has now been proven to be pretty much impossible. The Universe is infested with life out there, and we the Human Race are probably far less developed than many older/wiser advanced Alien species.
You will notice that these Scientists nearly always play down their investigations into Alien life, but we mustn’t be too harsh on them for this as they are scared about disclosing too much after so many leading Scientists have recently been killed off (so it appears).
Please check out some previous articles on this subject matter:
Lets not forget that NASA have PROMISED To discover aliens by 2015……!?
FOR MORE ON THE DISCLOSURE ISSUE:
FOR RECENT NEWS ON PLANET X:
FOR FASCINATING INFORMATION ABOUT AREA 51:
AREA 51: THE ALIEN INTERVIEW:
FOR OTHER MYSTERIES OF THE COSMOS:
~ THE UN-SILENT MAJORITY ~